What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal (gum) disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. The primary cause of gum inflammation that starts gum disease is plaque the sticky colorless coating that constantly forms on your teeth and contains bacteria.
- Gingivitis, the milder form of gum disease, is frequently caused by lack of oral hygiene and results in red, swollen or bleeding gums. You can reverse gingivitis by getting professional dental care and taking better care of your teeth at home, including daily brushing and flossing, eating well and not smoking.
- Periodontisis is a more serious form of periodontal disease characterized by attachment loss. If untreated, plaque can spread below the gum line, producing toxins and triggering an inflammatory response in the body that causes tissues and bone supporting the teeth to break. When gums separate from the teeth, pockets are formed that become inflamed and deepened with time. Often, this process has very mild symptoms until it results in tooth loss.
Periodontal Treatment Options In Our Newport Beach Office
Our practice specializes in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease. Members of our team have had extensive periodontics training and uses the latest techniques for diagnosing and treating periodontal disease, including dental implants and other cosmetic dentistry procedures to help you achieve the smile you desire.
Scaling and Root Planing
The least invasive and most cost-effective periodontal treatment is a non-surgical procedure called scaling and root planing (SRP). During this procedure, we will perform a careful cleaning of the root surfaces to remove plaque and tartar from deep periodontal pockets and to smooth the tooth root to remove bacterial toxins. Sometimes, SRP may be followed by local antibiotic treatments, and most patients will need ongoing therapy to maintain oral health.
Sometimes, non-surgical therapy is not enough to achieve periodontal health, and in these cases we?may recommend surgery to restore teeth and gums damaged by periodontal diseases:
- Pocket reduction and regenerative procedures: If the pockets between teeth and gums have become too deep, we will fold back the gum tissue and remove the disease-causing bacteria. In some cases, the damaged bone surfaces may also be smoothed to limit areas where bacteria can hide.
Dr. Yazdan may also recommend using bone grafts or tissue-stimulating proteins to help your body regenerate bone and tissue.
- Crown lengthening: During this procedure, we will adjust the gum and bone level to expose more of the tooth so it can be restored with a dental crown or bridge.
- Soft tissue grafts: During this procedure, we will take gum tissue from your palate or another donor source to cover the exposed root or develop missing gum tissue.